Information about citing social media can be found in section 10.15 of the APA Publication Manual.
Cite only original content from social media sites. If you find a link via social media to a blog or other content, cite the primary source not the social media where you originally found the link.
Do not alter the spelling or capitalization of a social media reference. Retain the original spelling and capitalization, as well as any hashtags or links. Replicate emojis if possible. If you are not able to replicate the emoji, include the emoji's name in square brackets, for example "[face with tears of joy emoji]." A full list of emoji names can be found at the Unicode Consortium's website (http://unicode.org/emoji/charts/index.html). Count an emoji as one word when calculating word count.
|Author||Date||Title||Source - Social Media Site Name||Source - URL|
Twitter and instagram:
Author, A.A. [@username].
Name of Group [@username].
Facebook and others:
Name of Group.
Name of Group [Username].
(2019, August 8).
Content of the post up to the first 20 words.
Content of the post up to the first 20 words [Description of audiovisuals].
[Description of audiovisuals].
Retrieved August 27, 2020, from https://xxxx
Remember to indent the second and following lines when writing your reference list entries!
APA Education [@APAEducation]. (2018, June 29). College students are forming mental-health clubs -- and they're making a difference @washingtonpost [Thumbnail with link attached] [Tweet]. Twitter. https://twitter.com/apaeducation/status/1012810490530140161
Badlands National Park [@BadlandsNPS]. (2018, February 26). Biologists have identified more than 400 different plant species growing in @BadlandsNPS #DYK #biodiversity [Tweet]. Twitter. https://twitter.com/BadlandsNPS/status/968196500412133379
White, B. [@BettyMWhite]. (2018, June 21). I treasure every minute we spent together #koko [Image attached] [Tweet]. Twitter. https://twitter.com/BettyMWhite/status/1009951892846227456
APA Style [@APA_Style]. (n.d.). Tweets [Twitter profile]. Twitter. Retrieved November 1, 2019, from https://twitter.com/APA_Style
Gaiman, N. (2018, March 22). 100,000+ Rohingya refugees could be at serious risk during Bangladesh's monsoon season. My fellow UNHCR Goodwill Ambassador Cate Blanchett is [Image attached] [Status update]. Facebook. http://bit.ly/2JQxPAD
National Institute of Mental Health. (2018, November 28). Suicide affects all ages, genders, races, and ethnicities.Check out these 5 Action Steps for Helping Someone in Emotional Pain [Infographic]. Facebook. http://bit.ly/321Qstq
News from Science. (2018, June 26). These frogs will walk instead of hop: https://scim.ag/2KlriwH [Video]. Facebook. https://www.facebook.com/ScienceNOW/videos/1015558587605108/
Smithsonian's National Zoo and Conservation Biology Institute. (n.d.). Home [Facebook page]. Facebook. Retrieved July 22, 2019, from https://www.facebook.com/nationalzoo
Instagram Photo or Video
Zeitz MOCAA [@zeitzmocaa]. (2018, November 26). Grade 6 learners from Parkfields Primary School in Hanover Park visited the museum for a tour and workshop hosted by [Photographs]. Instagram. https://www.instagram.com/p/BqpHpjFBs3b/
The New York Public Library [@nypl]. (n.d.). The raven [Highlight]. Instagram. Retrieved April 16, 2019, from https://bitly.com/2FV8bu3
Online Forum Post
National Aeronautics and Space Administration [nasa]. (2018, September 12). I'm NASA astronaut Scott Tingle. Ask me anything about adjusting to being back on Earth after my first spaceflight! [Online forum post]. Reddit. https://www.reddit.com/r/IAmA/comments/9fagqy/im_nasa_astronaut_scott_tingle_ask_me_anything/